Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is liver disease, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C was first discovered in the 1980s when it became in knowledge that there was a new virus (not hepatitis A or B) causing liver damage. Before being properly identified in 1989 it was originally known as non-A non-B hepatitis. In 1991 […]

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is an inflammatory disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The hepatitis B virus reproduces in liver cells, but the hepatitis B virus itself is not the direct cause of damage to the liver. Rather, the presence of the hepatitis B virus triggers an immune response from the body […]


The word hepatitis is a Greek word hepar meaning ‘liver’, and the Latin itis meaning inflammation. Hepatitis mean inflammation of the liver cells. Hepatitis is a medical condition defined by the inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundice, anorexia and malaise. A group of viruses […]

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A  (a liver disease) is an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus, usually spread by the faecal-oral route; transmitted person-to-person by ingestion of contaminated food or water or through direct contact with an infectious person. In developing countries, and in regions with poor hygiene standards, the incidence of […]


Haemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder or disease in which the blood doesn’t clot normally. Haemophilia disease is a group of hereditary genetic disorders that impair the body’s ability to control blood clotting or coagulation, which is used to stop bleeding when a blood vessel is broken. Haemophilia is not one disease but rather one […]

Hereditary disease

(Genetic disorder or Genetic disease) A hereditary disease or genetic disorder is a disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual’s DNA. Abnormalities can range from a small mutation in a single gene to the addition or subtraction of an entire chromosome or set of chromosomes. Hereditary diseases, also known as inherited diseases […]

Deficiency disease

A deficiency disease is caused by lack of some nutrient, or essential component for proper bodily functioning. It means that an individual is not getting some really important vitamin or mineral. This can lead to severe consequences for growth, health, or proper bodily activities. However, few are fatal except in long-term chronic cases, and many […]

Infectious disease

Infectious diseases, also known as transmissible diseases or communicable diseases, comprise clinically evident illness resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism. An infection is not synonymous with an infectious disease, as some infections do not cause illness in a host. Infectious pathogens include some viruses, bacteria, […]


A structural or functional abnormality in the body in known as disease. A disease is an abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism.The term disease broadly refers to any condition that impairs normal function, and is therefore associated with dysfunction of normal homeostasis. It may be caused by factors originally from an external source, such […]